Soft Tissue Deformities 

Soft tissue deformities may involve the skin, subcutaneous tissue, underlying muscle or a combination of any of these elements. There are some syndromes such as hemifacial microsomia in which asymmetry of the soft tissue may be a component. However, the number one cause of facial soft tissue deformities is trauma. Traumatic facial injuries may be blunt, penetrating and avulsive in nature. An avulsion or loss of soft tissue may create a significant deformity which requires reconstruction. Generally, the facial skeletal deformities are reconstructed first followed by the correction of soft tissue problems.

Preoperative

Soft Tissue Deformities

Thrity=five year old male with soft tissue injuries and complex facial fractures 

Postoperative

Soft Tissue Deformities

Postoperative results after one stage reconstruction of soft tissue and bone

 Scalp Avulsion

One example of a severely deforming and psychologically crippling injury is the scalp avulsion. This presents a very challenging problem particularly if the avulsed portion is very large and cannot be replanted by microvascular technique. A new and innovative approach to this type of problem has been the use of the tissue expander. These expanders are much like deflated balloons placed beneath adjacent normal tissue. Over a period of weeks, these expanders are gradually inflated, stretching the normal skin for use in reconstruction. An example of this technique is shown for reconstruction of the scalp.

Soft Tissue Deformities
Soft Tissue Deformities

A five-year-old boy was attacked by a pit bulldog and lost almost all of his scalp and forehead

Soft Tissue Deformities

This injury was initially repaired with skin grafts

Soft Tissue Deformities

Using tissue expanders his entire hair-bearing scalp has been restored

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